12 December, Memorial Day of National Leader Heydar Aliyev
Heydar Alirza Aliyev was born on May 10, 1923, in Nakhchivan city of Azerbaijan. In 1939, after graduating from the Nakhchivan Pedagogical School, he studied at the Architecture faculty of the Azerbaijan Industry Institute (present Azerbaijan State Oil Academy). The incipient war impeded him to complete his education. In 1941, Heydar Aliyev headed the department at the People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs of the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of Nakhchivan.
In 1944, he was sent to work at the state security bodies. Heydar Aliyev, working since that time in the security bodies, from 1964 held the post of deputy chairman, and from 1967 chairman of the Committee of State Security under the Cabinet of Ministers of Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic, and he had conferred the rank of lieutenant general. These years, he received special higher education in Leningrad (present St. Petersburg), and in 1957 he graduated from the History faculty of the Azerbaijan State University.
Being elected at the Plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan in July 1969 as the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev became the head of the republic.
In December 1982, Heydar Aliyev was elected as a member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Soviet Union, and appointed to the post of the First Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers of the USSR, and became one of the leaders of the USSR. For twenty years, Heydar Aliyev had been the Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and for five years had been Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.
In October 1987, Heydar Aliyev, as a sign of protest against the policy pursued by the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and personally the Secretary-General Michael Gorbachev, resigned from his post.
Inbound with the tragedy committed on January 20, 1990, in Baku by the soviet troops appearing in the next day at the Azerbaijan Representation in Moscow with a statement Heydar Aliyev demanded to punish the organizers and executors of the crime committed against the people of Azerbaijan.
As a sign of protest against the hypocritical policy of the leadership of the USSR, in connection with the critical conflict accrued in Nagorno-Karabakh, in July 1991, he left the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. By return in July 1990 to Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev lived in Baku, then in Nakhchivan, and in the same year was elected as a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan. In 1991-1993, he held the post of Chairman of the Supreme Assembly of the Autonomous Republic of Nakhchivan, Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
In 1992, at the constituent congress of the New Azerbaijan Party in Nakhchivan, Heydar Aliyev was elected Chairman of the Party.
In May-June 1993, when, as a result of extreme tension of the governmental crisis, the country was on the verge of civil war and loss of independence, the Azerbaijan people demanded to bring to power Heydar Aliyev. The then leaders of Azerbaijan were obliged to invite Heydar Aliyev to Baku officially. On June 15, 1993, Heydar Aliyev was elected Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan, and on July 24 – on a resolution of the Milli Majlis, he commenced to fulfill powers of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. On October 3, 1993, as a result of nationwide voting, Heydar Aliyev was elected President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
On October 11, 1998, having garnered at the elections, passed in high activeness of the population, 76,1 percent of the votes, he was re-elected President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
Heydar Aliyev, giving his consent to be nominated as a candidate at the October 15, 2003, presidential elections, relinquished to run at the elections in connection with health problems. On December 12, President Heydar Aliyev passed away in Cleveland Hospital in the United States of America. The national leader Heydar Aliyev died in Cleveland hospital in the United States on December 12, 2003.
Heydar Aliyev was awarded four times with the Order of Lenin, the Order of the Red Star, and with numerous medals. He twice received the title of Hero of Socialist Labor and was awarded with orders and medals of many foreign states. Heydar Aliyev was elected professor and a full member of the Academy of Safety, Defense and Legal Norms Problems of the Russian Federation, awarded the premium of Y.V.Andropov. On May 10, 2003 decree was signed on granting Heydar Aliyev the Order of Saint Apostle Andrey Pervozvanny, Russia’s supreme order.
On January 20, 1999, President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev was awarded the rank of the Honorable Professor of Moscow State University. On April 13, 1999, President Heydar Aliyev was awarded the “Peace Premium of Ataturk” Order, the high order of Turkey. On March 27, 1997, the head of Azerbaijan was awarded in Kyiv the “Yaroslav Mudry” Order, the supreme order of Ukraine.