It was established a region on October 23, 1978 by the decision of Heydar Aliyev, national leader. It borders on Armenia in the North-West and Iran in the South. The territory is 828.42 km2 , population is 73.3 thousand (01.01.2016). The center is the Babak settlement. There is 35 villages in the region. The territory of the region consists of the Zangazur, Daralayaz mountain chains hills, the plains of Nakhchivan and Gulustan. The highest top of the region is the Buzgov mountain (2475 m). Its climate is dry cold half desert type in summer, dry cold type climate in winter.
It is a mineral rich region. Sirab and Vaykhir mineral water springs are popular all over the world. The Araz, the Nakhchivanchay and other rivers flow in the territory. There is a water reservoir named after Heydar Aliyev and Uzunoba, Nehram, Sirab, Jahri, Gahab reservoirs and irrigation canals in the region. It is mainly an agricultural region.
There are 38 secondary schools, 6 out of school institutions, 1 preschool educational institution, 41 libraries, 32 club institutions, 2 museums, 5 children’s musical schools, a central hospital, a maternity house, 2 field hospitals, 16 out patients’ clinics, 14 medical midwife stations, 4 doctor’s assistant stations, the center of Hygiene and Epidemiology and other organizations in the region.