It was established a region on August 8, 1930. It borders on Armenia in the North-East, but Iran in the South. The territory is 926.3 km2, population is 45.6 thousand (01.01.2016). The center is the city of Julfa. There is 22 villages in the region.
The territory of the region consists of Zangazur mountain chain, along the Araz river and Julfa plains. The highest top is the Damirlidagh (3364 m). The Daridagh, the Nahajir and other mineral waters are extracted. The climate type is dry hot in summer but cold in winter. The Araz, the Alinja and other rivers flow in the territory. The Bananiyar reservoir is situated in the region. It is mainly an agricultural region. The grape growing and cattle breeding developed in the region.
The popular “Ashabi-Kahf’’ sanctuary religious cultural monuments complex, the “Khanagah” monuments complex and the “Gulustan” history-cultural reservation are situated in Julfa region.
27 secondary schools, a professional school, 6 out of class schools and 2 preschool educational institutions, 30 libraries, 37 club institutions, 1 museum, 2 children’s musical schools, the “Alinja” cinema, a central hospital, 1 field hospital, 15 out patient’s clinics, 8 medical midwife stations, the center of Hygiene and Epidemiology and other organizations act in the region.