The Nakhchivan State Carpet Museum is one of the places to preserve and promote our old and rich cultural examples. We have recently visited the museum and got acquainted with the carpet and folk applied art examples, the bearer of the national culture of the Azerbaijani people.
The guide Saadat Valiyeva gave detailed information about the museum. She noted that the Nakhchivan State Carpet Museum has been operating since April 1998. There are over 3,000 exhibits in the museum. More than 300 exhibits are exhibited in the exposition of the museum today. These include, first of all, carpets, carpet making tools, tools and household utensils used by people in ancient times for weaving. The carpet samples of the XVIII-XIX centuries belonging to Tabriz-Nakhchivan, Ganja-Gazakh, Guba, Shirvan, Garabagh carpet-weaving schools are also kept in the museum. Nakhchivan carpets were weaved in most settlements of our ancient land.
The carpet, which is dedicated to national leader Heydar Aliyev weaved by the “Azer-Ilma” carpet workshop in Baku in 2006, attracts attention in the museum. According to the technique of weaving, carpets are divided into two groups- piled and unpiled carpets. Unpiled carpets are weaved by simple methods such as winding, padding, knotting. Patterns on unpiled carpets are relatively simple compared to piled carpets and are easier to work with. The piled carpets are weaved by a more complicated method. In this case, the complicated noose, gulabi noose and complex form of winding noose are used. The patterns on it are more complicated than other carpets. The Azerbaijani carpets are famous for their pile all over the world.
At the beginning of the exposition, unpiled carpet type felt which is related to the early period is exhibited. In ancient times, it was made from water and wool. The feature that distinguished it from other carpets was the fact that the felt was not weaved but beaten. Felt was mainly used on the floor, but later used in the preparation of women and men’s clothing. Tradition of felting is preserved in modern times. In 2013, Nakhchivan Regional Profession Training Center’s curriculum graduates prepared modern felt samples.
There are 8 types of unpiled carpets. One of them is chatan. It is also known by the name of the bast mat. Bast mat was made from cane leaves and grass called “jighali”. It was used to remove the humidity under carpets in the houses. It is a type of carpet used in more mountainous regions. The chatan carpet type exhibiting in the Carpet Museum belongs to Nehram village of Babek district.
According to Saadat khanum, Nakhchivan carpets are exhibited in Turkey and other foreign countries under the name of Azerbaijani carpet, Hermitage in St. Petersburg, Victoria and Albert museums in England.