Saturday , 26 September 2020
Naxcivan

NAKHCHIVAN ISSUE IN INTERNATIONAL MOSCOW AND GARS TREATIES

NAKHCHIVAN ISSUE IN INTERNATIONAL MOSCOW AND GARS TREATIES
The territory of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic was defined within the territory of Azerbaijan Republic according to Moscow treaties of March 16, 1921 and Gars treaties of October 13, 1921. According to Article 3 of the Treaty on friendship and fraternity between Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and Turkey signed in Moscow, Nakhchivan is an autonomous part under the patronage of Azerbaijan and within the borders indicated in the Appendix 1 of the treaty, providing not to give it to the third part.
Source: Treaty on friendship and fraternity between Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and Turkey.
MARCH 16, 1921, MOSCOW
Article 3
The agreed parts affirm the autonomy of Nakhchivan province under the patronage of Azerbaijan, within the borders indicated in Appendix 1 (B) of the existing treaty, providing that Azerbaijan will never compromise its patronage right to a third state.
Appendix 1 (B)
Ararat station Saraybulag Mountain (8017 Gomurlu Mountain (8839) (8930) (3080) Sayat Mountain (7868) Gurd gulag (Kurt kulak) village – Hamasur Mountain (8160) 8022 in height Kuku Mountain (10282) and eastern administrative borders of former Nakhchivan gaza.
According to Article 5 of the Treaty signed with the participation of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic on October 13, 1921, Gars city, between Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia as the first part and Turkish Republic as the second part, Turkey, Armenia and Azerbaijan governments made agreements on establishment of Nakhchivan Autonomous territory under the patronage of Azerbaijan and within the borders indicated in Article 3 of the treaty.
Source: Treaty signed with the participation of Russia, on friendship between Armenia Soviet Socialist Republic, Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic and Georgia Soviet Socialist Republic as the first part and Turkish Supreme National Assembly government as the second part.
October 13, 1921, Gars
Article 5
Turkish government, Armenia and Azerbaijan Soviet governments made agreements on establishment of Nakhchivan Autonomous territory under the patronage of Azerbaijan, within the borders indicated in Article 3 of the treaty.
Appendix 3
Nakhchivan territory
Urmia village, from there as a straight line to Arazdeyen station (is in Armenia Soviet Socialist Republic), then straightly to Western Dashburun Mountain (3142) then Eastern Dashburun Mountain (4108) southern area of the spring (Rovne) through Jehennem valley River, Baghirsag (Yaghirsag Mountain (6607), or along the watershed at the height of 6587 to administrative borders of Irevan gaza, then to Sharur-Daralayaz borders, Gomurlu Mountain (6839, or 6930) at the height of 6629, and then to 3080 height. Sayat Mountain (7868) Gurdgulag (Kurt kulak) village Hamasur Mountain (8160) at the height of 8022 Kuku Mountain (10282) and former eastern administrative borders of Nakhchivan gaza.
While the territory of Nakhchivan was 6988 km2 when Gars Treaty was signed, it decreased to 5365 km2 as a result of illegal transfer of the areas of the autonomous republic to Armenia under the patronage of Moscow.
Afterwards, the International treaties were roughly and unilaterally violated, so as the borders of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was restudied, and in 1929, according to decision of the Presidium of the Pre-Caucasian Central Executive Committee, the territories within Nakhchivan province, as well as Gerchivan, Gurg gulag, Horadiz, Aghbin, Aghkhach, Almali, Itgiran, Sultanbey and part of Kilit village were given to Armenia SSR. The total area was 657 km2. The maps drawn in 1962, 1965 and 1967 were falsified, here the border line through the red brick building from Urmia to Arazdeyen was gradually set close to Sadarak village of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, thus more than 400 ha areas were illegally joined the Armenian territory. On January 19, 1990, Karki village of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic was occupied by Armenian-Russian troops.
While Moscow and Gars treaties are in force, the illegal annexation of territories of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic to Armenia opposites the standards of International law, Vienna Convention of 1969 on Law of International treaties, Declaration of 1970 on International Law principles, and Helsinki Final Act of 1975.

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