Tuesday , 24 November 2020
Naxcivan

Nakhchivan\’s nature

Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic is situated in the South-East of the Transcaucasus plateau. The average height above sea level is 1450 m. The most part of the territory of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic is surrounded by the Zangazur and Daralayaz mountain chains of the Lesser Caucasus.
The highest top is the Gapichig mountain (3904 m). 1/3 of the territory constitutes the plain lands along the Araz river (Sadarak, Sharur, Boyukduz, Kangarli, Nakhchivan, Julfa, Ordubad). There are more than 200 mineral water springs (Daridagh, Badamli, Sirab, Vaykhir and others). The annual precipitation in the plain lands along the Araz river is 200-300 mm but in the high mountainous places is 500-800 mm.
There are 400 big and small rivers in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic the length of which is 1,8 thousand km. The type of the climate in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic is mainly dry and continental. The flora of it is very rich. There are 2782 kinds of higher plants and a rather rich animal world.
Geological structure and minerals- Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic drew the attention of geologists and travelers in the middle of the 18th century. Discovering the caves, wells, primary labour tools in the fields of minerals (Duzdagh, Daridagh, Shakardara, Gomur, Guyulugagh, Gizilgaya and so on) once again shows that since ancient times salt, arsenic, copper, gold, sulphur etc. were excavated in the territory of Nakhchivan and also the scientific – descriptive tractats “Javahirnama” was created in the Middle Ages in Azerbaijan. The initial geological investigations and studying of mineral wealths in the region began in the 2nd half of the 18th century. The all-round and systematic investigations of the region began thereafter establishment of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic.
The area of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic is situated in the Nakhchivan tecthonic zone of the Lesser Caucasus from geological point of view. Its geological structure was comprised of the hollow par with 14 km of total thickness and with aboveground volcanic eruptions. Their aboveground appearance gives an opportunity to restore their 400 thousand years old geological data. The wide spread ware stones, construction stones and glassware in the hollow deposits play a great role in the local industry.
The key ore deposits of Nakhchivan are as follows:
1. Pyazbashi gold deposit
This deposit is situated in the area of Ordubad region. It is at 4 km distance North-West of the village Pazmeri at 1800-2700 m height. The key ore minerals are pirites, chalcopirites, bornites, malaxites and free gold. The gold contain in the ores is 1,0-1,9 g/t, the amount of copper is 0,1-1,8. The deposit may be engaged to exploitation.
2. Goydagh copper – porphyry deposit.
This deposit is situated in Julfa region. It is at 2 km distance of the South-East from Bashkand, 2050-2000 m above sea level. The copper and molybdenum spread in ores is unequal and the amount of copper is 1-2,7% and the amount of molybdenum is 0,01-0,08%. The key ore minerals consist of pirites, chalcopirites, phalerites, molybdenum and arising minerals of copper.
The deposit may be engaged to exploitation.
3. Diakhchay copper – porphyry deposit.
This deposit is situated in the region of Ordubad. It is at 1,5 km distance of the North-East from the village of Nus-Nus. 2000 m above sea level. Two technological ore types mainly copper and molybdenum are specific for it. The amount of copper in stokeveric ores (with 70-100 m thickness and which was observed at 1500 m distance) is 0,006-2,25%, in molybdenum 0,01-0,31% and in 55 copper molybdenum ores stretched toward the East and South-East directions with thickness from 2 m to 20 m the amount of molybdenum is 0,01-0,27%, copper is 0,01-0,85%. The key ore minerals are pirites, chalcopirites, molybdenum and arising minerals of copper.
The deposit may be engaged to exploitation.
4. Misdagh copper-porphyry deposit.
This deposit is situated in the region of Ordubad. Is is situated in the upper stream of the Aychangilchay, 3000-3500 m above sea level.
Copper – porphyry oreing is inside and vessel type. The copper in the ore comprises 0,002-2,0%, but molybdenum 0,001-0,02%. The key ore minerals are – pirites, chalcopirites, ouzirite, malaxite and with little amount molybdenum.
The deposit may be engaged to exploitation.
5. Aghyurd gold deposit.
This deposit is situated in the region of Ordubad. It is situated at 2300-2750 m above sea level. The key ore minerals consist of pirites, chalcopirites, molybdenum, arising minerals of ore and little disperside gold.
The amount of gold in ores change between 0,4-11,6% q/t, copper changes between 0,04-1,4%, molybdenum changes between 0,03-0,09%.
The deposit may be engaged to exploitation.
6. Yashillig copper – porphyry deposit.
This deposit is situated at 2,4 km distance in the North-East of the village Pazmari, in the left slope of the river Shiladzochay of Ordubad region and it is at 2200-2500 m above sea level.
The deposit is investigated at 500 m distance with 300m of thickness and the amount of copper in the ores is 0,1-1,4%, molybdenum is 0,1-0,08%.
The key ore minerals are – pirites, chalcopirites, molybdenite, chalcozine, bornites copper arising minerals. The deposit may be engaged to exploitation.
7. Goyhundur copper – porphyry deposit.
This deposit is situated in the region of Ordubad. It is at 2 m distance in the North-East from the village of Pazmari, in the upper part of the Vanandchay river, 2150-2600 m above sea level.
The deposit is come across at 5500-1500 m distance with 5,6-15 m thickness and total width 400-500 m. the amount of copper changes between 0,44-1,33% and the amount of molybdenum changes between 0,001-0,5%.
The key ore minerals are pirites, chalcopirites, molybdenite, covvelin, bornites, cuprite and malachite.
The deposit may be engaged to exploitation.
8. Nasirvaz polymetal deposit.
This deposit is situated around the village of Nasirvaz of Ordubad region and it is 1800-2300 m above sea level.
The oreing process is met from West to East at 2,2 km distance with 60-120 m thickness and zinc comprises 1,2%, lead 1,16%, copper 0,4%.
The key ore minerals are pirites, galenite, sphalerite, chalcopyrite and arising minerals of copper.
The deposit may be engaged to exploitation.
9. Aghdara polymetal deposit.
This deposit is situated at 25 km distance in the North from the Aza railway station of Ordubad region. It is 2100-2550 km above sea level.
The polymetal oreing of it is a layer, lense vessel and inside type. The ore of industrial importance is in the layer form. The amount of lead in the ore is 6,6%, zinc 8,9% and copper is 1,0%.
The deposit was involved to exploitation from 1952.
10. Shakardara gold deposit.
This deposit is situated in the region of Ordubad. It is at 30 km distance in the North-West from the center of the region and it is 1500-2000 m above sea level.
The deposit is situated in the North-West direction and it is met at 1150 m distance with 1,0-8,0 m thickness. The amount of gold in ores is 1,4 g/t, but the amount of the copper is 1,9% .
The key ore minerals consist of pirites, chalcopyrite, sphalerite and arising of copper minerals and free gold.
The deposit may be engaged to exploitation.
11. Goy-gol copper – porphyry deposit.
This deposit is situated in the region of Ordubad. It is at 3 km distance in the North-West from Nurgut village. The deposit is 2800-3554 m above sea level.
The stoke type zones with 60-140 m ore come across from 900 m to 1700 m and the amount of copper comprises 0,47-1,6%, molybdenum amounts 0,01-0,05.
The key ore minerals are pirites, chalcopyrite, bornite, covelmine, arising minerals of copper and molybdenum.
The deposit may be engaged to exploitation.
12. Paraghachay molybdenum deposit.
This deposit is situated around the village of Paragha of Ordubad region. It is 2300-2800 m above sea level. Four cvarsic molybdenum vessels of exploitation objects are known in the deposit.
The key ore minerals are pirites, chalcopyrite and molybdenum.
The deposit was involved to exploitation from 1952.
At the present moment the deposit is partially exploited.
13. Gumushlu polymetal deposit.
This deposit is situated in Sharur region. It is in the down stream of the Arpachay. The deposit is known since the VII century. The amount of lead is 4,5%, but zinc is 0,5% in ores. The mineralogical composition of the ore consists of galenite, serucite, sphalerite, smithenonite and calamine.
The deposit was involved to exploitation from 1954.
14. Daridagh arsenic deposit.
This deposit is situated in Julfa region. It is at 8-9 km distance in the North-East of Julfa city. The ore mass consists of realgar, auripigmente, melnicovite, antimonite and pittisit minerals.
The deposit may be engaged to exploitation.

The key non-ore deposits located in Nakhchivan AR ore as follows:
1. Buzgov travertine deposit
This deposit is in the territory of Babek region. It is situated at 40 km distance in the North-West of Nakhchivan city, at 2 km distance in the North of Ashagi Buzgov village. The area of the deposit is 0,6 km2 and the thickness of the 42,8%. The deposit has been exploited since 1983.
2. Shahtakhti travertine deposit
This deposit is situated in the territory of Sharur at 3 km distance in the South – West of Shahtakhti village. The deposit consists of three parts: the first area is situated in the North-West of Shahtakhti village, the second area is from 1 to 0,7 km of the North-East, but the third area is at 1 km distance from the second in the North-East. The deposit area is 0,8 km2 üith 6,5-22,7 m ore layer thickness. The block yield comprises 30-45%.
The deposit has been exploited since 1968.
3. Khalaj marbled limestone deposit
This deposit is in the territory of Sharur region. It is situated at 10 km distance in the South-West of Sharur city. The area of the deposit is 0,016 km2. The thickness of the ore layer is 40-70 km, the maximal thickness included to the reserve part is 24 m. The mass capacity of the limestone is 2,33-2,70 t/m3 and the amount of CaCO3 is 98%.
The deposit was exploited till 1990.
4. Garabaghlar travertine deposit
This deposit is situated at 1 km distance in the North-East from Garabaghlar village. The territory of the deposit is 1 km2. The ore thickness is 15-40 m. the block yield of the deposit is 58%. 17,2 m2 travertin is produced from 1m3 block.
The deposit has been exploited since 1984.
5. Oghlangala marbled limestone deposit
This deposit is in the territory of Sharur region. It is situated at 8 km distance in the North-East from the railway station of Sharur.
The ore layer consists of small and middle size fine sand and crosses with calsite vessles of different directions. The amount of Co comprises 51,8%.
The deposit fits to exploitation.
6. Nehram dolomite deposit
This deposit is in Babek region. It is situated at 10 km distance in the South from the village of Nehram namely, at 2 km distance in the North from Darasham railway station. The territory of dolomite is more than 1000 m. this material fits to steady sand, calcinated soda and glass production.
The deposit may be exploited.
7. Nakhchivan Rock-salt deposit
This deposit is in the territory of Babek region. It is situated at 12 km distance in the North-West from the city of Nakhchivan. 5 rock salt layers were discovered in the deposit ut only 2 above ground layers are of industrial importance.
The first layer is situated 105-178 m lower than the above ground and the average thickness of salt is 6 m. The second layer separates from the first layer with the clayey layer of 6-9 m thickness and average thickness of the salt is 8,6. The amount of NaCl comprises 92-98,5%.
The deposit has been utilized since the beginning of the XIX century.
8. Nehram Rock-salt deposit
This deposit is in the territory of babek region. It is situated at 12 km in the South-East from the city of Nakhchivan. The salt thickness in the deposit changes between 43-92 m. NaCl amunts 78-92% in the salt. The deposit was investigated for calcinated soda.
The deposit may be exploited.
9. Gomur sulfur deposit
This deposit is situated in the area of Gomur village of Shahbuz region. The deposit is known since the 60 years of the XIX century. The deposit was not involved to exploitation since uncalculation of sulphur reserve.
10. Paraghachay Andaluzit deposit
This deposit is in the region of Ordubad. It is situated at 9 km distance from the Paraghachay molybdenum mine. The amunt of andaluzit in the rocks comprises 10-30% but sometimes it reaches 65-75%. The deposit was investigated till 10 m in depth. The amount of andaluzit increases toward the depth. According to the initial calculation the capacity of andaluzit is 0,5 mln tons.
The deposit may be engaged to exploitation. Besides this, one may come across rich gravel, sand, clay, gyps deposits everywhere in the territory of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic.

The Rivers -The Araz river which takes its source in the territory of Turkey and makes the border of Nakhchivan with Turkey and Iran Islamic Republic is the largest river flowing from Nakhchivan. There are about 400 rivers and river branches in the territory of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. The Arpachay, the Nakhchivanchay, the Alinjachay, the Gilanchay are regarded the biggest rivers in the territory of the autonomous republic.

The Lakes- The natural lakes of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic mainly belong to the valleys of Nakhchivanchay and Gilanchay. The Ganligol, the Batabatgol, the Salvartigol, the Goygol are one of the natural lakes of the autonomous republic. The water reservoir named after Heydar Aliyev, the Araz, the Arpachay, the Bananiyar, the Nehram, the Uzunoba and other reservoirs were built in the rivers of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic.

The mineral waters-60 % of the mineral waters reserve of Azerbaijan fall to the share of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. Over 250 mineral water sources were stated in 5,5 thousand km2 area of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. The mineral waters “Badamli”, “Sirab”, “Vaykhir”, “Gulustan” and “Narzan” are popular in the world.
Nakhchivan's nature
Nakhchivan's nature
Nakhchivan's nature
Nakhchivan's nature
Nakhchivan's nature
Nakhchivan's nature

Check Also

I LIVED IN NAKHCHIVAN AS AN AGHDAM NATIVENESS

Ophthalmologist Kamala Aliyeva living in Nakhchivan. She is also one of the thousands of people …