It was established a region on August 8, 1930. On January 4, 1969 its authority was canceled and joined the Nakhchivan (present Babak region) region and on January 6, 1965 it was reestablished. It borders on Armenia in the North and East. The territory is 836.58 km2, population is 24.8 thousand (01.01.2016). The center is the city of Shahbuz. There is one city and 22 villages in the region.
The most part of the area of the region is situated on the slopes of the Zangazur and Daralayaz mountain chains. The highest top is the Salvarti (3160 m) mountain. It has a cold climate type and summer is dry here.
The Nakhchivanchay and its branches (Kuku, Shahbuz, Salvarti) flow in the territory of the region. There are the Ganligol and the Batabat lakes in the region. It is mainly an agricultural region.
23 secondary schools, 6 out of school and one preschool educational institutions, 29 libraries, 26 club institutions, 1 museum, the Shahbuz State Nature Reservation, 2 children’s musical schools, the “Araz” cinema, a central hospital, 2 field hospitals, 10 out patient’s clinics, 11 medical midwife stations, 1 doctor’s assistant station, the center of Hygiene and Epidemiology and other organizations are at the service of people.