It was established a region on August 08, 1930, and was named Ilich region 1964-1991. It borders on Armenia in the North-East and Iran in the South-West. The territory is 872.26 km2, population is 113.4 thousand (01.01.2016). The center is the city of Sharur. There is 65 villages in the region.
The territory of the region consists of mountains and sloping plains. It has a dry cold half desert dry step in summer and a cold dry climate in winter.
The Araz, the Arpachay rivers flow in the territory of the region. There is situated the Arpachay water reservoir. It is mainly an agricultural region.
There are 60 secondary schools, a professional trade school, 6 out of class schools, 2 professional institutions, 60 libraries, 67 club institutions, 1 museum, the Arpachay History – Cultural reservation, 6 children musical schools, “Bahar” cinema, central hospital, 8 field hospitals, 20 out patient’s clinics, 9 medical midwife stations, 27 doctor’s assistant stations, the center of Hygiene and Epidemiology and other organizations in the region.