Tuesday , 11 May 2021

The Gamigaya pictography

The Gamigaya pictography – The pictographic depicts in the Garangush summer pasture, in the Nabi land of the Southern and Eastern slopes of the Gapichig mountain, in the Ordubad mountains of the Lesser Caucasus. The archaeologists discovered the ancient dwelling houses of the Azerbaijani Turks forefathers in the Garangush summer pasture where the pictographies were engraved on the rocks and proved that the Alp meadow rich Garangush summer pasture was the place of hunting of the ancient Nakhchivan people. Later these places were the summer pastures of the people living along the Araz river, also the Nakhchivanchay river, the Alinjachay and the Gilanchay river valley. From that time the people inhabited here engraved the pictures of human and different animals (goat, deer, ox, bird and so on) on the rocks and also the hunting stage with arrows and bows, different signs inclusively.

The age of the Gamigaya pictographies and the description of the dwellings are at least 5-6 thousand years. As a result of investigations it was possible to observe the life and cultural development path of the people lived there. The Gamigaya pictographies are investigated from 1968. As a result of investigations the round planned dwelling houses characteristic for the ancient architecture of Nakhchivan (the diameter of the walls 5-12 m, were built of big sized rock pieces) and pictographic descriptions (on the rocks around the dwelling houses) were discovered. The most part of the ancient art works constitute the animal paintings, of which- goat, ox, deer, dog, leopard, wolf and others. Naturally, all animal paintings are in the form of alone, double or in a flock form. The major part of them are goats. The Gamigaya pictographies are distinguished for their compositions simplicity and complication and also for their plots. The ox pictures are of the realist style, the horns are long and arch bent. There are depicts of the bull carts. The human pictures were given alone or in the staged compositions. Some human paintings were given in the fantastic form with their zoomorphic features. Among the pictures discovered the armed stages of the hunters with arrows and bows etc. and the stage of dance draw the attention of people. The most attractive symbolic signs of pictographic character – circles, square, triangle, the sign of the fortune of wheel were engraved in Gamigaya. These kinds of signs were scratched in the clay plates, painted potteries discovered from the Bronze Age layer, belonging to the 2nd millennium of Kultapa I, in Nakhchivan. The comparative analysis of the Gamigaya petrographies with the analogical monuments gives an opportunity to arrive at scientific conclusions about the moral culture and art of the ancient Azerbaijan and all these give a grounded confirmation to say that they belong to the Nakhchivan culture of the Azerbaijan descriptive art. The Supreme Majlis of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic received a decision on 26 April, 2001 “About the investigation of the Gamigaya monument of the Ordubad region”. After that decision the activity of the archaeological expeditions intensified and began to carry out all round investigations and different descriptions were discovered.

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