Friday , 16 April 2021

The Imamzadeh complex

The Imamzadeh complex

The architectural monument in the Southern –Eastern part of Nakhchivan. It was formed in the XVI-XVIII centuries. It consists of 3 buildings. The compositional-tomb joined with the circled body coming from the cubic formed tower tombs outside, the basement in plan in a square form constitute it. (see the Imamzadeh tomb). The building joining the tomb in comparison a bit larger and having an entrance door from the West constitutes the central part of the complex.

According to V.M.Sisoyev, a Russian scientist, who was in Nakhchivan in the 20th years of the last century this part of the complex was considered the tomb of the Nakhchivan khans. According to the witness of the scientist, the grave of Mustafagulu khan Nakhchivanski, son of Abbasgulu khan who died in 1337 by Hijri (1918) was there. But from time to time this and other graves were destroyed. There is another tomb in the North direction a bit far from the complex. The tomb built of baked bricks was a squareshaped foundation and toward the upright was built in the polygonal form and was covered with a dome. In comparison with other buildings included to the complex this tomb is in good order. But as there is no any grave and memorial inscription to identify who the grave belonged to was impossible. The buildings included to the Imamzadeh complex made harmony and established a complete architectural ensemble. There was a cemetery of the Middle Ages around the complex. Also from time to time some of the graves in this complex were destroyed but some others even today are in good order. The epithaps belonging to the 16th century discovered there were investigated. The arched vaults built of baked bricks were come across here. From time to time the place of the necropolis was changed and passed to the hill near the monument. The members of some Mystic sectors for some period used the complex as their dwelling house, the place for praying. In general, the characteristic feature of these kinds of complexes consists of restoration of the ritual places which existed before, constructing those places after restoration and reconstruction, by building the subsidiary rooms for different services near or joining the mosques and finally establishing a religious complex.

As the Mystic sectors members used the Imamzadehs their residence, places for praying in the XVII-XVIII centuries, there was not built any khanagah in this region at that time. The architectural complex was repaired in 2004 and again was restored.

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